Salvadori's seedeater, Salvadori's serin
Crithagra xantholaema (Serinus xantholaemus)
Geographical distribution and habitat
The rarely seen Salvadori's seedeater, is considered to be a vulnerable species, and can mainly be found in a small number of areas in Ethiopia. These habitats are at an altitude of up to 1500 meters and are characterized by sometimes low temperatures and vegetation with juniper-like plants and trees. On pictures and in films, Crithagra xantholaema can be seen eating small, white flowers. Little is known about their diet in nature.
Size: 11 cm (4.3 inch)
Description and subspecies
Sexes alike, there is no difference in appearance in male or female. No subspecies are discribed. Various insights prevailed about the scientific classification of this bird species; Salvadori's seedeater was even once described as a hybrid between different Crithagra species. In the past also described as a subspecies of Crithagra flavigula (Yellow-throated seedeater). The main difference between C. flavigula and C. xantholaemea is in the thin black breast band that can only be seen in C. xantholaema. In Birds of the World by James F. Clements, Crithagra xantholaema is described as an independent species.
It is unlikely Salvadori's seedeater has ever been exported at all, and if so; very rarely. The bird was first described in 1896 by the Italian count Tommaso Salvadori who named the bird after himself and derived his second scientific name from Greek for yellow and throat.